Basics Of Html

What is HTML?


HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language

  • HTML describes the structure of Web pages using markup

  • HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages

  • HTML elements are represented by tags

  • HTML tags label pieces of content such as "heading", "paragraph", "table", and so on

  • Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page







A Simple HTML Document



Example


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>

<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>






Example Explained



  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines this document to be HTML5

  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page

  • The <head> element contains meta information about the document

  • The <title> element specifies a title for the document

  • The <body> element contains the visible page content

  • The <h1> element defines a large heading

  • The <p> element defines a paragraph





HTML Tags


HTML tags are element names surrounded by angle brackets:

<tagname>content goes here...</tagname>




  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <p> and </p>

  • The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag

  • The end tag is written like the start tag, but with a forward slash inserted before the tag name



The start tag is also called the opening tag, and the end tag the closing tag.